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How Memory is Controlled in the Brain: 1.Formation and retention: The hippocampus plays a strong role in processing information and is very important in storing information. It lies deep in the central portion of the brain. 2.The amygdala is an almond shaped structure which processes emotions. This structure allows your brain to imprint a memory associated with a strong emotion. 3.The cerebral cortex stores short and long term information. It is involved in processing language, sensory input or problem solving. 4.Neurons and neurotransmitters are the information highway or internet of the brain- neurons are the connections and neurotransmitters (using chemicals) relay the information. 5.Memorization involves encoding information which is done with concentration and focus. 6.Storage and consolidation– Signals are sent