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In the Journal of the National Cancer Institute it is reported that there is no overall effect of fruit and vegetable intake on breast cancer risk. (Jung S, Spiegelman D, Baglietto L, et al. Fruit and vegetable intake and risk of breast cancer by hormone receptor status. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2013 Jan 24). The authors did however show evidence that there is a protective effect of fruit and vegetable consumption for ER negative breast cancer. This is consistent across 20 pooled studies. The role of fruits and vegetables as dietary modifiers of breast cancer risk has been studied for 40 years. The results have been inconsistent and in the past, suggested protection for premenopausal disease. In the study by